...for secularisation remains only partial if it merely negates, censors and prohibits the hopes, desires and demands for life that religion articulates. It is not enough to say that there is no immortality and to prohibit people from seeking immortality. For if people are told that they cannot hope for immortality, because they lack souls and are simply things, they can rightly ask why such a thing cannot be preserved, since there are, after all, means and paths to that end. The answer that people are usually given to this question is that a human being is indeed somehow different from a mere thing and thus cannot be preserved and copied like a mere thing. But what is this ‘something else’ if not a soul? Thus the biopower today is not really consistent in its task of enlightening its citizens and simply leaves death to the private sphere, as Foucault rightly observed, which in turn ultimately means leaving it to religion, which governs the private sphere today. That is why the thinkers of Russian socialism wanted to pursue a thorough defeat of religion, replacing the immortality of the soul guaranteed by God with an immortality of the body guaranteed by the state – and thereby bringing to a close the transition to a new era and a new total biopower.
Boris Groys. Immortal Bodies
biopolotics Post-Communist Condition